According to a recent study, women who suffer with migraines have a significantly reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The study also discovered that, in the years before a diabetes diagnosis, the frequency of migraines decreased.
Migraines and type 2 diabetes are both common conditions. In the UK, around 8.5 million people are thought to suffer from migraines (the exact number is unknown as not everyone who has migraines goes to the GP about them, and some sufferers remain undiagnosed). For type 2 diabetes, the number of sufferers is over 3.3 million. However, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes is decreased by 30% for women with active migraine, compared to women who have no history of migraine.
This decreased likelihood of type 2 diabetes was identified thanks to an observational investigation which analysed data from the surveys of more than 74,000 women who were living in France and were members of a health insurance scheme and in the E3N Prospective Cohort Study. The women had filled out health and lifestyle questionnaires every few years between 1990 and 2014, and the information for this latest migraine and diabetes study was taken from there.
The reason why migraines and type 2 diabetes has an inverse association is as yet unknown, but there are some theories. One theory is that there could be something about diabetes that suppresses or reduces migraines. Another is that the factors which reduce the risk of diabetes increases the risk of migraine.
The study authors also suggest that one mechanism which could be a factor in the inverse link between the two conditions is CGRP (calcitonin gene-related peptide). This is because CGRP often plays a role in migraine attacks, but it is also used in metabolising glucose.
More research will need to be done to understand why those with migraines have a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, and whether this discovery can in some way help to develop new and better treatments for migraines.
If you’re not sure whether what you have is a migraine or a headache, then this handy checklist should help. Although, everyone’s headaches and migraines are a bit different, hopefully these general guidelines will be a means of differentiating a tension headache from a migraine.
There are some definite feel-good effects that come from having a workout. When we exercise, our bodies release endorphins which give us an euphoric natural high. Plus, endorphins act as analgesics, meaning that they diminish the perception of pain, which is an excellent reason to go and spend some quality you-time at the gym. However, when you also suffer from migraines there’s always a worry in the back of your mind in most aspects of day-to-day life – “will this trigger a migraine?”. Or, if you’ve already got a migraine, “will this make my migraine worse?”.
A team of researchers have recently published the results of their study which examined a potential link between ADHD and migraines in BMC Neurology. The aim of the study was to assess whether migraines (both with and without visual disturbances) and Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are comorbid disorders. ADHD and migraine have already been found to be associated in children and adolescents, but the association had not been assessed in adults before.
Those of us who suffer with migraines enjoy spending our time with friends and going on holidays as much as everyone else. This is something which might come as a surprise to some non-sufferers who know migraineurs and rarely see them socially.
According to a study published in the November 14th online edition of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, people who suffer from migraines with visual aura may have a greater risk of also having an irregular heartbeat.
When you suffer from migraines, making your home a sanctuary which you can retreat to is even more vital than normal. This means creating a home environment in which you can relax and which doesn’t trigger your migraines. With this in mind, here are some of the things to consider when decorating your home.
If you suffer from migraines, then you’ll doubtless already know that a major trigger of migraines attacks is stress. As well as causing muscle tension (another migraine trigger), stress stimulates your body to send out chemicals which change your blood vessels.
Lots of migraine sufferers cite strong smells as a trigger for their migraines, and osmophobia (a dislike of smells) is a common symptom of migraine. Common migraine-triggering smells include (but sadly are by no means limited to); perfume, cologne, cleaning products, petrol, and strong food smells.